|Published (Last):||15 December 2004|
|PDF File Size:||13.10 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||14.41 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
These targets noncommmunicable prevention and management of NCDs. These diseases are driven by forces that include rapid unplanned urbanization, globalization of unhealthy lifestyles and population ageing.
Related links WHO’s work on noncommunicable diseases More about noncommunicable diseases Data on noncommunicable diseases.
Management of NCDs includes detecting, screening and treating these diseases, communicable and noncommunicable diseases pdf download providing access to palliative care for people in need. Sign up for WHO updates.
The exorbitant costs of NCDs, including often lengthy and expensive treatment and loss of breadwinners, force millions of people into poverty annually and stifle development.
Skip to main content. These are called metabolic risk factors that can lead to cardiovascular disease, the leading NCD in terms of premature deaths.
Low-cost solutions exist for governments and other stakeholders to reduce the common modifiable risk factors. Lancet, ; Modifiable behaviours, such as tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and the harmful use of alcohol, all increase the risk of NCDs.
These conditions are often associated with older age groups, but evidence shows that 15 million of all deaths attributed to NCDs occur between the ages of communicable and noncommunicable diseases pdf download and 69 years. High impact essential NCD interventions can be delivered through a primary health care approach to strengthen early detection and timely treatment.
Unhealthy diets and a lack of physical activity may show up in people as raised blood pressure, increased blood glucose, elevated blood lipids and obesity. The rapid rise in NCDs is predicted to impede poverty reduction initiatives in low-income countries, particularly by increasing household costs associated with health care.
Noncommunicable diseases Communicable and noncommunicable diseases pdf downloadalso known as chronic diseases, tend to be of long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behaviours factors.
The main types of NCDs are cardiovascular diseases like heart attacks and strokecancers, communicable and noncommunicable diseases pdf download respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma and diabetes.
Children, adults and the elderly are all vulnerable to the risk factors contributing to NCDs, whether from unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, exposure to tobacco smoke or the harmful use of alcohol. Evidence shows such interventions are excellent economic diseasse because, if provided early to patients, they can reduce the need for more expensive treatment.
An important way to control NCDs is to focus on reducing the risk factors associated with these diseases. To support countries in their national efforts, WHO developed a Global action plan for the prevention and control of NCDswhich includes nine global targets that have the greatest impact on global NCD mortality.
communicable and non communicable diseases.pdf
Countries with communicable and noncommunicable diseases pdf download health insurance coverage are unlikely to provide universal access to essential NCD interventions. NCD Action Plan pdf, 1. Search Search the WHO. As part of the Agenda, Heads of State and Government committed to develop ambitious national responses, byto reduce by one-third premature mortality from NCDs through prevention and treatment SDG target diseasss.
communicable and non communicable 01 | Cardiovascular Diseases | Obesity
Metabolic risk factors contribute to four key metabolic changes that increase the risk of NCDs: Monitoring progress and trends of NCDs and their risk is important for guiding policy and priorities. NCDs disproportionately communicwble people in low- and middle-income countries where more than three quarters of global NCD deaths — 31 million — occur.
To lessen ciseases impact of NCDs on individuals and society, a comprehensive approach is needed requiring all sectors, including health, finance, transport, education, agriculture, planning and others, to collaborate to reduce the risks associated with NCDs, and promote interventions to prevent boncommunicable control them. People of all age groups, regions and countries are affected by NCDs. Media centre Fact sheets.
Investing in better management of NCDs is critical. Poverty is closely linked with NCDs. Noncommunicable diseases Fact sheet Communicable and noncommunicable diseases pdf download June NCDs threaten progress towards the Agenda for Sustainable Development, which includes a target of reducing premature deaths from NCDs by one-third by In low-resource settings, health-care costs for NCDs quickly drain household resources.
Vulnerable communicable and noncommunicable diseases pdf download socially disadvantaged people get sicker and die sooner than people of higher social positions, especially because they are at greater risk of being exposed to harmful products, such as tobacco, or unhealthy dietary practices, and have limited access to health services. Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, —